Difference between Judge and Magistrate


A Judge is person on whom the decision making power is vested in the court of law. He might act either alone or with a panel of other judges. A magistrate is someone who is superior to the judge. In civil cases, he has partial authority in administering law enforcement.

Judge course and career opportunities

It is a must for a judge to be a qualified BA.LLB. They must have secured atleast 55% marks in their final exams. After the completion of the LLB course, candidates can write the State Judicial Law Entrance Exam. In case a candidate interested in becoming a judge of court in another state then he/she needs to appear for the public service commission of that state. It is a must for candidates who would like to become High Court Judges to have a minimum 3 years of experience in the Lower Courts. Candidates who want to become a Judge in the Supreme Court of Justice must have atleast 10 years experience in the High Court. Supreme Court Judges are selected by the President of India.

Magistrate course and career opportunities

Those candidates who have completed their Graduates in Law are eligible to become magistrates. They should be at least 21- 35 years at the time of applying. Candidates who have completed their LLM degree with a minimum of 55% marks are also eligible to apply. After finishing this course, the candidates can apply for the State Judicial Law Entrance Exam. These exams are carried out by the respective State governments.

Key differentiators

While judges take up cases of all sorts, Magistrates try only civil cases. Depending on the jurisdiction there is a difference in power and authority vested on the Judge. Also there is a difference in the method of appointment. The training imparted to them also varies. In the trials of civil cases that are conducted in the Supreme Court, the Magistrate will also act as a Judge.



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10 Responses to “Difference between Judge and Magistrate”

  1. 10

    any other remedy to write if a candidate have 50%

  2. 9
    adv. vishwala kadlak:

    I completed my l l b in 2013 n i hav pass class in final exam of l l b. N i belongs from SC Cast. Can i apply for magistrate exam

  3. 8

    Difference between DGO &Dch

  4. 7

    how to become judge through mpsc and what is syllabus for that? and can fresh law graduate apply or any experience is required

  5. 6
    Deepanshu Kamra Advocate:

    What is the syllabus for exam for recruitment for the post of assistant district attorney in haryana?

  6. 5
    manoj kumar:

    i wt to know judicial magestrate entrance exam date 2012 & qulification required in xam

  7. 4
    I want to know date of judicial magistrate exam, all india judicial service exam, state judicial law entrance exam of 2011.am tamil nadu. Saran:

    [email protected]

  8. 3

    what is the difference between civil judge junior division and judicial magestrate first class and what is the difference in the rank

  9. 2

    Can i give entrance exam of judiciary after b.com,llb

  10. 1

    if an employee other than workmen( officer level) is terminated illegally where his case will file/lodge in labour court or any court.