Difference between Electrical and Electronics engineering


Electrical and Electronics are two popular streams in engineering field. Even though both streams seem much alike, there exist certain differences between the two. Electronics engineering is an evolved field of study from the traditional Electrical engineering. Electrical engineering deals with the study of electricity, power generation, electromagnetism etc where as electronics engineering deals with the study of electrons which acts as the key elements in manufacture of integrated chips, transistors and circuit boards.

The students have to develop sound knowledge and skills in mathematics and physics before opting for these courses. This is because both these fields of engineering are based on the concepts of those core subjects.

Electrical Engineering Courses and Job opportunities

Several courses are offered in electrical engineering at diploma, degree, post degree, and at doctorate levels. Those who have completed matriculation can opt with diploma courses in electrical engineering. The IITs and several other institutes offer bachelors as well as masters degree in electrical technology. The skilled professionals in electrical engineering can find opportunities in any of the areas mentioned below

  • Biomedical electronics
  • Communications
  • Computers
  • Designing household appliances
  • Electric Power Stations
  • Electrically controlled industrial machinery
  • Electro-mechanics
  • Electronics
  • Energy operation and distribution
  • Industrial process control
  • Robotics
  • Signal processing
  • Telecommunications Systems
  • Transportation
  • Wiring and lighting of houses

Electronics Engineering Courses and Job opportunities

The courses offered for Electronics Engineering are much similar to that in electrical engineering. The bachelors, masters as well as doctorate degrees in Electronics Engineering are offered through several institutes in India. The scope of the subject in job market is also quite good. The professionals educated in electronics can find better job opportunities in corporate houses or in organizations like

  • Post and Telegraph Department
  • Indian Telephone Industries
  • MTNL
  • Defense
  • All India Radio
  • Civil Aviation Department
  • Indian Railways Co-ordination Department
  • Civil Aviation Department
  • National Physical Laboratory
  • Bharat Electronics Limited, Development Centers
  • Entertainment transmission industry
  • Research establishments etc

Key differences between Electrical and Electronics Engineering

The course study of Electrical and Electronics engineering streams are different. The former deals with the study of heavy currents where as the later deals with the application of low strength current. Electrical engineering mainly concentrates on power generation and distribution where as electronics deals with technical aspects of communication. The responsibilities assigned with professionals in electrical and electronics field are different. Electronics engineering professionals can work in design of motherboard and IC circuits for different electric devices. Apart from these differences, both the courses offer good career growth and high salary packages to professionals.



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