Difference between NET and SET
Lecturer jobs are one of the most motivating jobs in our country. A student will have to train himself in every aspect of a particular subject to become a lecturer. The majority of universities and colleges in India are in search of excellent lecturers with good qualification and skills. To separate the best from the lot Indian government along with the University Grant Commission (UGC) has conceptualized two entrance exams, the NET and SET, one for national level and other for state level. Candidate must have a post- graduate degree or doctorate as to be eligible for this entrance test. These exams are conducted so as to improve the progress level in educational standards.
NET exam and its opportunities
NET is the abbreviated form of the National Eligibility Test conducted by the University Grant Commission (UGC). This exam is written in order to enable a candidate to apply for lectureship or for joining the research fellowship in colleges. Generally the passing percent of the students for this exam (About 5% only) is very minimal because of the high standards. If a candidate wishes to take up teaching as a profession in colleges and universities having a post graduate degree or a doctoral degree then he/she must pass the National Eligibility Test. The UGC conducts the NET exam every year in the months of June and December. In order to be qualified to apply for lectureship or Junior Research Fellowship one must pass this exam.
The UGC NET exams are carried out in a variety of topics like Physical Science, Life sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Chemical Sciences and Earth Atmospheric Ocean and Planetary Sciences jointly by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and the UGC. The NET exam is conducted for many papers which include Humanities (which also consists of languages), Computer Science and Applications, Social Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Electronic Science and Forensic Science.
SET exam and its opportunities
By passing State Eligibility Test exam, lectureship is granted on that particular state only. The exam pattern of the State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) is based on National Eligibility Test conducted by the University Grant Commission (UGC). The papers include subjects like social sciences, science subjects and humanities correspondingly.. The aspirants who are appearing for the SLET test gets to answer the paper in their respective mother tongue or in English. Some of the states that conduct the SLET are Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Goa and the north eastern states of India including Sikkim.
Key differentiators between NET and SET Exam
NET is conducted for lectureship posts in any university or college in the country. Also candidates wishing to take up research field need to appear for this exam. On clearing this exam they are given the Junior Research Fellowship. This is done as to ensure minimum standards for the applicants in the teaching profession and research. The NET qualified candidates are only eligible to apply for lecturer post in Indian universities, Institutes and colleges.
At the same time the SET qualified candidates is eligible for the lecturer post only in the universities and colleges belonging to the state they have passed SET exam. Another difference is that the Junior Research Fellowship is awarded to the meritorious candidates who have qualified the NET Examination only if they have opted for the same in the application form.
The NET exam is not completely able to stand for the regional subjects and therefore the SET exam was bought in by the state governments and union territories which enabled the candidates to appear for the Test in their own mother tongue. Thus was born the concept of SET which is conducted both in English and the vernacular.
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